Beacons are – literally – devices that emit short for orientation or warning to their nearby environment. Transferred to today’s IT technology, the term refers to small transmitters which transmit small data packets in chronological order. A Bluetooth Beacon is a small Bluetooth radio transmitter in the size of a matchbox, which is powered by battery or power supply and can be easily placed. The beacon transmits small data packages on a fixed Ghz frequency using Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) or Bluetooth Smart. 30 m from smartphones or tablets with Bluetooth function and activated beacon app as a push message.
In view of the low procurement and operating costs, large rooms can be equipped with Bluetooth beacons throughout the area and the people in the room equipped with appropriately equipped smartphones or tablets can be “addressed” (indoor navigation).
This can be helpful for information that leads to a desired destination in a museum also carries the risk of being used for unwanted promotions or data protection, as the beacon apps generally require a lot of personal data.
Beacons play an important role in the Internet of Things or Industry 4.0: With this wireless technology, connected objects can exchange information with each other, which is very helpful in the field of industrial production to identify workpieces, machines or people and to network production processes can.